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Visions of community in an Age of Viking threat: our historian Stephan Bruhn discusses his new book
Reformer als Wertegemeinschaften. Zur diskursiven Formierung einer sozialen Gruppe im spätangelsächsischen England (ca. 850–1050)
English history between 850 and 1050 is generally perceived as an Age of Viking threat, marked by constant raids and invasions from Scandinavia. The book focusses on new visions of community born from moral discourses among reform groups in late Anglo-Saxon England in the Early and High Middle Ages.
As Scandinavian activity in England was seen as a punishment for sinfulness, many felt a need to respond by appeasing God. It is not surprising that monks and clerics were the driving force behind these moral discourses and constituted the group’s core. But reform concerned society as a whole, as everyone had to amend their ways to regain God’s favour. Everyone who held responsibility for others by secular power or pastoral office could become part of the reform group, be they man or woman, king or bishop, ealdorman or noblewoman, priest or nun. The study thus develops a different perspective on the so called “Viking Age” in England beyond warfare and crisis by focussing on the social repercussions these developments could trigger.
Reformer als Wertegemeinschaften
Zur diskursiven Formierung einer sozialen Gruppe im spätangelsächsischen England (ca. 850–1050)
Mittelalter-Forschungen. Band 68
Ostfildern: Thorbecke, 2022
Mice belong outside
I don't which of us was more surprised...
Me to see the mouse or the mouse to see me. It just casually strolled into the kitchen as I was making supper one evening. Fortunately, I wasn't holding anything; I would certainly would have dropped it. I caught a glimpse of it out of the corner of my eye and my brain automatically went "OMG, spider alert!" before going "Wait a minute, it's furry!". It then vanished as mice do and I only saw it again the next evening. I thought I had put all food away, only to find that it was helping itself to grain from one of my wheaty bags and caching it under the sofa. I ordered a humane no-kill trap and baited it with peanuts but the mouse was too cautious. It was only when I purchased a larger trap that I was able to catch it and release it to a new life in the wild (where it was probably immeadiately eaten by an owl, but hey, I tried!).
Oscar Mouse Finds a Home
Oscar Mouse Vol. 1
Oscar Mouse searches for a home of his own when the attic where he lives becomes too crowded with little brothers and sisters.
Dial Books, 1985
Cheese, it's all a myth
Not only is the moon not made of cheese...
... but unlike popular rumour suggests, mice are not actually that keen on cheese. Tests have proven that if given a choice between cheese, grapes and peanuts, mice will always choose peanuts first because of their high fat content. The next choice is grapes (sugar) and ony when the other choices have been depleted does the cheese receive any interest at all. My experience with baiting the trap confirms this - peanuts were a definite hit, while other foodstuffs received only mild interest.
see image here